Next word Tuition Reimbursement | Definition ᐳ

Did You Know

Banks offer various services like different types of bank accounts (checking/savings), credit cards, and financial advice.

A bank is a financial institution that accepts customer deposits and then lends money to other customers. Other financial services offered by banks include investment advice, insurance, and payment processing. Banks are critical to the modern economy because they allow individuals and businesses to save money, obtain credit, and invest in the future.


A bank's primary function is to accept deposits, which can take various forms, such as checking accounts, savings accounts, and certificates of deposit. Banks use these deposits to make loans to other customers, which can be used for various purposes, such as purchasing a home or starting a business. Banks make money by charging loan interest and paying deposit interest. 


CapWay Pro Tip: If you are looking for an account where there are no hidden or overdraft fees, take a look at CapWay's Money Account. If you would like to see whether this account suits your needs, click here to look at all of its features.


Banks also provide credit cards as one of their main products and services. Banks have different types of credit cards, all with different terms and conditions to suit various people’s needs. 


A bank's secondary functions include having investment advisors, providing insurance, and payment processing. Banks can assist customers in investing in stocks, bonds, and other securities, allowing them to earn a return on investments. Banks also provide insurance products such as life insurance and property insurance. Finally, banks offer payment processing services, allowing customers to send money electronically.


Recommended Read: Difference Between Credit Union vs. Traditional Bank | CapWay


Types of Banks


Banks are classified into several types, each with its own set of functions and characteristics. The most common type of bank is a commercial bank, which provides a wide range of services to individuals and businesses. Retail banking serves individuals and small businesses, and corporate banking, serves larger businesses and institutions.


Investment banks are different types of banks that specialize in assisting companies and governments in raising funds by issuing and selling securities. Investment banks also provide mergers and acquisitions advisory services and frequently work with larger corporate clients.


Central banks are institutions in charge of a country's monetary policy and the control of the money supply. The responsibility of central banks is to set interest rates, control inflation, and ensure financial stability. Central banks include the Federal Reserve Bank of the United States, the European Central Bank, and the Bank of Japan.

clock on books

Image Credit: Triff /


History of Banking


The history of banking dates back to ancient civilizations like the Babylonians and Egyptians, who used banks to exchange goods and commodities. Modern banking, as we know it today, began in the 16th century, when European merchants started to offer banking services to customers. In the 14th century, the first modern bank was established in Italy, and banking quickly spread throughout Europe and eventually to other parts of the world.


The banking system in the United States was first regulated by the Federal Reserve Act of 1913, which established the Federal Reserve System. In 1933, the FDIC was also formed to ensure the safety and soundness of the banking system.


Recommended Read: Can an Overdrawn Bank Account Be Sent to Collections?

Regulation of Banks


Banks are heavily regulated to ensure their safety and soundness while protecting consumers. For example, the FDIC insures bank deposits up to a certain amount, giving customers confidence that their money is secure. Banks are also subject to various other regulations, such as capital requirements, liquidity requirements, and stress tests, all of which help ensure that they are financially stable and capable of weathering economic downturns.

Challenges Facing Banks


Today's banking industry faces a number of challenges, including increased competition from fintech firms, shifting customer preferences, and the need to adopt new technologies. Fintech firms are upending traditional banking by providing customers with more convenient and accessible services and products. Banks must adapt to these changes by investing in technology, partnering with fintech firms, and providing customers with new and innovative services.


Furthermore, customers are increasingly demanding digital banking services that are convenient and easy to use. To remain competitive, banks must provide mobile banking, online banking, and other digital services. Banks must also embrace new technologies such as artificial intelligence and blockchain to improve efficiency and cut costs.


Recommended Read: You May Need to Fire Your Bank Account


The Money Wrap-Up


Banks are an important part of modern society because they provide various financial services that allow individuals and businesses to save money, obtain credit, and invest for the future. However, today's banks face some challenges, including increased competition from fintech firms, shifting customer preferences, and the need to adopt new technologies. Banks must adapt to these changes by investing in technology, partnering with fintech firms, and providing new and innovative services to customers to remain competitive. 

Main Image Credit: Victor Josan /

Download the CapWay App

Access more features to your Money Account

  • Money Goals
  • Request Money
  • Categorize Spending
  • Money Talk

The CapWay, Inc Debit Visa Card is issued by Metropolitan Commercial Bank (Member FDIC) pursuant to a license from Visa U.S.A. Inc. “Metropolitan Commercial Bank” and “Metropolitan” are registered trademarks of Metropolitan Commercial Bank ©2014.

1. For Money Account holders with a negative balance, the CapWay debit card will go into freeze until funds are deposited to bring account back to current. See terms and conditions

2. Sending or receiving money from other CapWay account holders will be instant. Transfers from other accounts could take up to 48 hours, depending on the financial institution.

3. Early access to funds requires direct deposit. Early payment is not guaranteed and is dependent on the timing of payer's submission of deposits. We generally post such deposits on the day they are received which may be up to 2 days earlier than the payer's scheduled payment date.

4. Money Goals allows account holders to save money towards financial goals created within the CapWay platform. Funds can be transferred from your Money Account or saved through the rounding up of your transactions from purchases.

5. CapWay offers financial content through Learn Money free of charge, but may include advertisements through affiliates. Phunds, CapWay's literacy program and session, is paid content or co-branded content.

© 2019-2023 CapWay Inc. All Rights Reserved.